Melchizedek- the Davidic Priesthood

Posted: September 25, 2012 in ARTICLES, Prophecy
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Melchizedek- King and Priest without lineage

“And he will raise up for them a Teacher of Righteousness to lead them in the way of their hearts.” The Messiah is referred to here by the name ‘the Branch’: “And he will teach righteousness in the last days”. Of him it is said that God will “make his Holy Spirit known to them through his Messiah, and he will be the Truth.” Reference is made four times to the “Messiah of Aaron and Israel”. The “Messiah of Aaron” means his priestly role, and the “Messiah of Israel” his kingly status.[1]

Up to this point I have shown the mechanisms and implications of marriage between the king and the priest. I have shown the application in history with regard to the genealogies and the combined family lineages of David and Aaron. As noted by Eric Laupot Isaiah 60:21 the Netzer also represents the righteousness of Israel. Traditionally this is the role of the High Priest. 

Zechariah 6:9-13 NIV “The word of the LORD came to me: ‘Take silver and gold from the exiles Heldai, Tobijah, and Jedaiah, who arrived from Babylon. Go the same day to the house of Josiah son of Zephaniah. Take the silver and gold and make a crown, and set it on the head of the high priest, Joshua son of Jehozadak. Tell him this is what the LORD Almighty says: “Here is the man whose name is the Branch (Netzer) and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the LORD. It is he who will build the temple of the LORD, and he will be clothed with majesty and will sit on his throne. And he will be a priest on his throne. And there will be harmony between the two.

These verses give the status of the Netzer. He is the Righteous King or Davidic King/Priest, the Melchi-Tzaddiq. The term Netzer (little shoot, branch [of David]) is the stature of those in both the Kings and Priests lists. The Netzerim are not delineated to any one particular group except as defined by lineage. He is the harmony between the Throne of the King and the Throne of the Priest.

It is unfortunate that the later use of the term Netzerim, because of a lack of understanding as early as the second century by early converts to Christianity was what turned it as well as the Pharisee and Sadducee into just religious sects.

Without Lineage

Because of the inheritance of [the Princess and the Priestess] there were kings and priests without lineage (its meaning is they had no direct tie or parental lineage to the throne but were inline claimants nonetheless by inheritance). They had no direct tie to the Altar but were high priests. In essence king/priests without descent but as shown in the previous chapters halachically legitimate-the Melchi-Tzaddiq.

Drawing from the Tacticus quotes from Eric Laupots article further define the Netzerim and strikes a difference between them and the Christians as well as the” Jews”, and their religion and that of the “Jews”.

.“These Christiani are also distinguished in frag. 2 from those who were presumably, from the Roman perspective at least, more normative Jews: the Christiani and “the Jews,” though on the same side against the Romans, are depicted as having religious beliefs that are conflicting.  According to frag. 2 then the Christiani were major participants in the war and Titus burned the Temple primarily to destroy them by crippling Judaism – thus destroying the Christiani’s base of operations in Israel.”[2]

Accordingly this shows the import and magnitude of the power base of the Netzerim, at least from a Roman perspective at the time of the Temple demise.  If the Netzerim are cut off Israel and its Religion are crippled. Who were the Jews in the Tacticus fragment?

The Religion of Israel through this time is based in the Temple Cult. The normative leader at least visibly is the Pontificate or High Priest. “Accordingly the numbers of the high-priests, from the days of Herod [The Great] until the day when Titus took the temple and the city, and burnt them, were in all twenty-eight; the time also that belonged to them was a hundred and seven years. SOME OF THESE WERE THE POLITICAL GOVERNORS OF THE PEOPLE UNDER THE REIGN OF HEROD, AND UNDER THE REIGN OF ARCHELAUS HIS SON, ALTHOUGH, AFTER THEIR DEATH, THE GOVERNMENT BECAME AN ARISTOCRACY, AND THE HIGH-PRIESTS WERE INTRUSTED WITH A DOMINION OVER THE NATION”[3].

The “Jews” are the Roman appointed leaders of the nation, the Governors, which Josephus identifies as the Priesthood and Sadducees.

The Religion of the Netzerim/Kings depended on which King, as shown at the end of the period. For example the Judaism of Simon bar Giora was different than that of John of Gisgala.

From this we can establish that the Netzerim were the Kings of Israel and the families and people associated with them both Desposynic and non-Desposynic. The later persecutions by the Romans of the Christians/Christiani were to destroy what they considered a competing major threat, the Jewish Messiah King/Priest who would rise up and rule the world.

The “Jews” (Herod/Boethus), were enjoying resurgence in power. Most papers I’ve seen stop short after stating that the Priests had to follow the Pharisee or Halachic model in their duties. If all the information is viewed, in reality they did not care. The Priesthood was becoming a springboard to bigger things. They not only decided Palestine’s international policy with regard to trade, and they controlled the trade.  Realistically they are only a few marriages away from the emergence of a new “Boethusian/Herodian Palestine”. If that did not pan out they already controlled the National Religion via the Temple Cult and had Roman backed Governance.

The emergence and prominence of the Davidic Netzerim threatened all of this. The Netzerim/Christiani halachically (legally) had precedence even over a High Priest. This is easily shown when one came and taught in the Temple Courtyard.  Bustenai-“This is a tradition in our family since the time we lost our throne that when we stand in the presence of a king we neither speak, nor laugh, nor lift a hand without permission.”[4] This referred to the Laws pertaining to the Kings which the High Priest was also obligated to. This reinforced the status of the Netzerim publicly as superior to the High Priest. When the Netzer (inline Davidic King/Priest) sat teaching or speaking in the courtyard, the High Priest had to stand silently and listen as long as he spoke. Throughout the century this friction increased. Ironically it was the Nationalistic High Priest who ultimately led the march to war.


[1] Risto Santala “ Midrash Messiah, The Messiah and His Meal in Midrash Ruth V, VII, VIII”.pg153

[2] The Identity of the Historical Jesus:TACITUS’ FRAGMENT 2: THE ANTI-ROMAN MOVEMENT OF THE CHRISTIANI AND THE NAZOREANS ,Eric Laupot University of Alabama, TuscaloosaPublished in Vigiliae Christianae 54, no. 3 (2000) 233-47

[3] Josephus, Antiquities 20.10.1

[4] The Persian Conquest of Jerusalem in 614 CE compared with the Islamic Conquest of 638 Ben Abrahmson and Joseph Katz pg 33

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