Man, Universe and God: Religion, philosophy, metaphysics and science

Posted: March 29, 2012 in ARTICLES
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By: mardini | Posted: Nov 05, 2010

Man, Universe and God: Religion, philosophy, metaphysics and science

Everyone has his, or her, own convictions about life, the universe, being and God. Religion asserts God’s indispensability for the presence of the universe and life. Philosophy searches for truth, and ultimate truth and it purports to demonstrate the relation ship between three enigmas: the universe, man and God.

It attempts to establish a comprehensive perspective for the three such as that God has created the universe and created man in order to look into the universe and find God. Metaphysics, on the other hand searches for reality and ultimate reality at that. Its subject matter is first principles and first causes for the universe and life manifestations.

Real reality for the metaphysics does not lie in the physical, sensible aspect of the universe but in the intelligible aspect that cannot be reached except through thought and spirit. Man in his totality is engaged to find answers to fundamental questions about the underlying principles of the universe in its presence, origin and finality, It purports to find out the reality behind existence in all its aspects.

Life and death, good and evil, beauty and ugliness, love and hatred, value and morality are the domains of metaphysics, as much as religion and philosophy, but metaphysics looks for the reality in these and behind these phenomena. Religion invites humans to think and consider the universe as the creation of God and invites humans to acknowledge God, love Him, serve Him and worship Him.

God is is the thesis of religion. Philosophy wonders following the urge for fining out truth in man. What represents the truth and is the truth are the domains of philosophy. Thus philosophy is a personal outlook while religion is a general communal outlook. Metaphysics, searching for reality studies religion and consider its premises and presumptions and attempts to disclose the real principles in religion and also in philosophy.

Metaphysics goes beyond religion to examine its premises and conclusions. It purports to uncover the principles of the universe and life in religious thought as well as in philosophical thought.

Thus for example religion prescribes belief in God and His worship, while philosophy attempts to find out the truth in religious thought and whether there is or not a God that has created the universe, life and its manifestations and the relationship between man and the universe, with or without God. Metaphysics attempts to find out the reality of the religious disposition and the reality of philosophical thought.

If God has created the universe then, according to religion, philosophy and metaphysics, He is worthy of worship, love and service. While religion asserts this, philosophy looks into its truth and metaphysics into its reality. While religion asserts God as creator and disposer of the universe and man, philosophy accepts or rejects the idea of God and metaphysics looks into the reality of sensible to search and establish the reality of the intelligible.

God is, in religion. He might be in philosophy and He is to be discovered in metaphysics.

While religion invites to believe or disbelieve in God with all the consequences that stems from this alternative, philosophy aspires to find a rational disposition for God or a rational to deny God. While science concentrates of the sensible-physical and rejects the metaphysical, metaphysics considers the sensible-physical in the light of the intelligible and spires to uncover the reality of the principles in the intelligible. The first principle in metaphysics is God. He is the first cause and the creator of the univrse. He is ultimate good. He alone is worthy of thinking and contemplation. He Is Reality.

The common difficulty shared by religion, philosophy and metaphysics lies in the attempt to resolve the enigmatic problematic of the three principle subjets of meditation namely that of the universe, of man and that of God.

Not to panic, every one of us attempts to think and refelect and concludes his, or her, personal conviction with regard to the universe, man and God. The key in all these aspects is lack of proof but the proclaimations by any perspective are founded on the strong plausibility that there is a need for a God cause and creator, in opposition and comparison to the absence of the universe and man ,which is not the case, and thus man recoils upon his own convictions.

Science does not help, rather the ocontrary it confirms dogmatically a notion limited only to the sensible, neglecting the intelligible, unless our convictions are not blinded and limited only to the physical aspect but transcends to the metaphysical level, fundament of the real.

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